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Hyperledger Grid

Hyperledger Grid and GS1 Standards: Harmonizing Static and Dynamic Data

By Blog, Hyperledger Grid

Supply chain professionals are all too familiar with the persistent challenges that plague the industry–a lack of inventory visibility, not having complete or trustworthy data to share with partners, or not enough business process consistency are a few issues that come to mind. However, somewhat ironically, it often takes industries joining together to collaborate to solve these issues that ultimately helps companies enjoy longevity and stand out from their competition.

It’s this “collaborate to compete” concept that has inspired so much discussion around what blockchain can do to help improve the supply chain. With a long history of facilitating collaboration to adopt new technologies and business processes, GS1 US has applied this open community spirit to our work on Hyperledger Grid, a collaboration with Cargill, Target, Intel and Bitwise IO. This project builds on Target’s earlier proof of concept based on the open source solution ConsenSource that was focused on certifying suppliers for its private label paper products. Experiencing success in this test, the retailer branched out to explore how Hyperledger Grid could be applied for better food traceability with supplier, Cargill.

For the past several months, the Hyperledger Grid team has investigated the role of GS1 Standards in blockchain development. We’ve discussed how to help create the ideal foundation for supply chain-based blockchain applications to flourish. The partners understand the need to standardize static data, such as a product’s Global Trade Item Number (GTIN) and core attributes, as well as more dynamic details like time, location and temperature readings that are important for transaction-based communications, such as procurement and track and trace. 

All of this is reflective of this overall nascent stage of blockchain’s life cycle where supply chain partners are still agreeing on what is “the right data” to share on a blockchain. Regardless of how they are piloting blockchain, many companies are finding that this is the time to say “enough is enough” and end the churning of poor data quality that has particularly plagued supply chain for many years. 

Several GS1 Standards provide consistency and structure to data transactions on a blockchain, increasing the likelihood that the intended outcome will be achieved: 

GTIN – This product identifier plays a critical role in global commerce, as it helps businesses manage items on both the physical and digital shelf. Unique like your own fingerprint, a GTIN is composed of numbers that identify the company making a product and numbers that identify the product. If every item is uniquely identified with its own GTIN, it retains an identity regardless of where it is in the supply chain. 

This number is what is encoded into a UPC and scanned at checkout, but is mightier than this function. Identification that is persistent beyond the four walls of the company is key for a blockchain implementation, given the technology’s immutability. A universal data language that starts with product identification can ensure that the right data is stored and communicated further down the chain. 

Global Location Numbers (GLN) –  Similar to GTINs, these are numbers that uniquely identify organizations and locations in the supply chain. GLNs give companies the flexibility to identify any type or level of location required for supply chain visibility. They can identify a warehouse, a retailer, a hospital, even something as specific as a store shelf. Or, they can identify a company’s legal or functional entities as they relate to a particular business transaction, for example as buyer, seller, or carrier. 

So many blockchain use cases today revolve around supply chain visibility, with specific focus on locations and origins. For example, Nestle teamed with Carrefour to put traceability directly into the hands of consumers using the IBM Food Trust blockchain platform. Carrefour shoppers can track Mouseline instant mashed potatoes from Nestle’s factory to Carrefour’s stores by scanning a QR code on the packaging with a smartphone. In addition to providing extended product details, such as the product’s production date and quality control parameters, it also reveals the locations of warehouses and the farms that supply the potatoes. Without standardized location identification, such a level of transparency would not be possible. 

GS1 barcodes – For data to be shared among trading partners (with or without a blockchain), it must be captured. More trading partners, particularly in the food industry, are leveraging the GS1-128 barcode to capture dynamic product information and serialized logistics data, such as expiration date and batch/lot numbers. Using these barcode labels, companies enable the automatic recording of product-specific information whenever a barcode is scanned, for a more real-time view of where products have been and where they are going. 

Electronic Product Code Information Services (EPCIS) – EPCIS is like a standardized application program interface (API). EPCIS acts in a similar way to capture and share information about the movement and status – the what, where, when and why – of products, logistics units and other assets in the supply chain. EPCIS simplifies the capture and description of physical events, allowing companies to more effectively rely on a single version of the truth about supply chain and logistics events. 

EPCIS is increasingly deployed in sectors such as fresh foods, healthcare, and logistics to improve efficiency. It is versatile, in that it can be used with a number of different data carriers, including GS1 barcodes and EPC-enabled radio frequency identification (RFID). Unlike “batch oriented” data transmission mechanisms, EPCIS is more suitable for blockchain because it more efficiently documents the potentially massive amounts of event-based data. 

These concepts from the GS1 System are being incorporated into Hyperledger Grid from the ground up. Adopting standards means putting structure around both static and dynamic data.  Without a common platform to share data, blockchain applications may fail to deliver on promises of consistent efficiency and visibility. GS1 Standards have an inherent credibility, neutrality and interoperability to help make data usable for blockchain today and scale for tomorrow. 

Cover image: Standards by Nick Youngson CC BY-SA 3.0 Alpha Stock Images

(1.27.2019) Smartereum: US Based Agricultural Conglomerate, Cargill, Invests Digital Engineering Into The Development Of Hyperledger Grid

By Hyperledger Grid, News
According to a press release on the 25th of January 2018, the US based agricultural conglomerate, Cargill will be investing its digital engineering resources into the development of Hyperledger Grid. The grid is one of the most recent projects by Hyperledger that is geared towards streamlining the agricultural supply chain using Hyperledger’s blockchain technology.
View the full article here.

Hyperledger Kicks Off the New Year with Eight New Members

By Announcements, Hyperledger Fabric, Hyperledger Grid, Hyperledger Ursa


Growing community, new project developments and accelerating pace of deployments mark start of 2019

SAN FRANCISCO (January 30, 2019) Hyperledger, an open source collaborative effort created to advance cross-industry blockchain technologies, begins 2019 by announcing it has added eight new members to the consortium. In addition, Hyperledger has delivered some key technology updates and now has a total of 12 projects.

Hyperledger is a multi-venture, multi-stakeholder effort that includes various enterprise blockchain and distributed ledger technologies. Recent project updates include the release of Fabric v1.4 LTS, the first long term support version of the framework, as well as the addition of two new projects Hyperledger Ursa and Hyperledger Grid. Grid uses shared, reusable tools to accelerate the development of ledger-based solutions for cross-industry supply chain applications. Additionally, a detailed case study on Circulor’s Hyperledger Fabric-based production system for tracing tantalum mining in Rwanda adds to growing list of resources for guiding enterprise blockchain adoption.

“We wrapped up 2018 with a successful and exciting Hyperledger Global Forum,” said Brian Behlendorf, Executive Director, Hyperledger. “This first worldwide meeting of the Hyperledger community underscored the growing pace of development and deployment of blockchain in general and our tools and technologies in particular. We are seeing more signs of this accelerating pace of maturation and adoption here in early 2019. We welcome these newest members and look forward to their help in driving this growth.”

Hyperledger allows organizations to create solid, industry-specific applications, platforms and hardware systems to support their individual business transactions by offering enterprise-grade, open source distributed ledger frameworks and code bases. The latest general members to join the community are BTS Digital LLP, Exactpro Systems Limited, Jitsuin, Lares Blockchain, Myndshft, Omnigate, Poste Italiane and Wrapious Marketing Co Ltd.

New member quotes:

BTS Digital LLP

“We are an emerging company aiming at creating a national digital ecosystem in Kazakhstan that will facilitate the basic processes of human life and provide equal access to resources,” said Eugene Volkov, Chief Digital Officer, BTS Digital LLP. “As we see accelerated growth of transactions and actors in today’s life, we acknowledge the growing need to build a trustworthy society where all the participants can act with consensus, immutability, equality and transparency. Building such an environment requires trust. Our trust in Hyperledger’s expertise is a primary reason why we choose to become a member. We believe this community will guide us in finding technological solutions in achieving our goals.”

Exactpro Systems Limited

“Being a firm strategically focused on providing the highest level QA services for mission-critical market infrastructures, Exactpro understands the important role of this new technology and strives to enhance our expertise in this area through collaboration with leading blockchain consortia such as Hyperledger,” said Maxim Rudovsky, CTO, Exactpro. “We firmly believe our Hyperledger and The Linux Foundation memberships will provide Exactpro with access to community resources that will help us deliver more profound testing of DLT-based software systems to our clients.”

Jitsuin

“One of the founding decisions we made at Jitsuin was to become a Hyperledger member,” said Jon Geater, Chief Technology Officer, Jitsuin. “As part of our mission to unlock the value of data in the Internet of Things, we focus on Industrial IoT device lifecycle assurance where security, price, reliability and shared responsibility are all crucial. Keeping IoT in a known, good state is a team sport and is exactly where distributed ledger technologies work best. I am also delighted to continue serving the Governing Board and Hyperledger community to help ensure it remains the unrivaled home of advanced cross-industry business blockchain technologies.”

Lares Blockchain

“Lares Blockchain Security is delighted to join the Hyperledger community,” said Chris McGarrigle, CEO, Lares Blockchain Security. “Hyperledger’s fundamental strengths of performance, scalability and security resonate with our core values at Lares Blockchain Security. As our blockchain products and technologies continue to gain momentum in the medical, biotech, mining and financial industries, we see our partnership with Hyperledger as critical to further establishing ourselves in the enterprise.”

Myndshft

“Blockchain presents an enormous opportunity for healthcare to simplify and unify claims management, prior authorizations and other administrative functions, helping payers and providers reduce costs and improve timeliness and quality of care,” said Ron Wince, CEO, Myndshft Technologies. “That is why Myndshft is thrilled to join Hyperledger and collaborate with blockchain leaders and innovators across industries to find ways to leverage the technology to increase efficiency of healthcare operations, improve the patient experience and optimize financial performance in the value-based care era.”

Omnigate

“Omnigate Systems is delighted to join Hyperledger and to leverage blockchain technologies to drive interoperability in finance. Omnigate provides enterprise-grade, universal ledger software with extensive integrations. Our mission is to empower businesses of any size to rapidly build production-grade transactional systems for both traditional assets and emerging digital assets,” said Raphael Carrier, CEO, Omnigate. “We consider the integration of the Interledger protocol (via Hyperledger Quilt) into our product to be a key milestone. We believe this is an important initiative which will advance interoperability and accessibility to the ‘Internet of Value.'”

Poste Italiane

“Blockchain is not just a buzzword or a myth anymore, but is becoming the foundation for establishing a distributed, transparent and cross-industry interoperable ecosystem,” said Mirko Mischiatti, Chief Information Officer, Poste Italiane. “Poste Italiane wants to actively participate in this new and exciting community by becoming a member of Hyperledger in order to continue its path for the innovation and modernization of financial, logistic and insurance industries. We really look forward to working with other members and making our effort to contribute for the enhancement of blockchain technology.”

Wrapious Marketing Co Ltd

“It is our honor to become a member of the Hyperledger community,” said Tommy Wong, Chief Operating Officer, Wrapious Marketing Co Ltd. “Joining Hyperledger provides us with more opportunity to explore more within the blockchain space and to contribute to project developments. Our vision is to create a virtual world that provides equal access to everyone regardless of their status or social class in the community. We believe being part of Hyperledger will add to our ability to achieve this vision.”

About Hyperledger

Hyperledger is an open source collaborative effort created to advance cross-industry blockchain technologies. It is a global collaboration including leaders in finance, banking, Internet of Things, supply chains, manufacturing and Technology. The Linux Foundation hosts Hyperledger under the foundation. To learn more, visit: https://www.hyperledger.org/.

(1.22.2019) Ledger Insights: Hyperledger unveils supply chain blockchain project Grid

By Hyperledger Grid, News

Today Hyperledger, part of the Linux Foundation announced its latest enterprise blockchain project, Hyperledger Grid. The initiative is a framework that provides a set of tools particularly suited to supply chain blockchains. The main sponsors are agribusiness company Cargill and two of the maintainers of the Hyperledger Sawtooth blockchain protocol, Intel and Bitwise IO. This is the first project focused on a particular industry.

View the full article here.

Announcing Hyperledger Grid, a new project to help build and deliver supply chain solutions!

By Blog, Hyperledger Grid

Supply chain is commonly cited as one of the most promising distributed ledger use-cases. Initiatives focused on building supply chain solutions will benefit from shared, reusable tools. Hyperledger Grid seeks to assemble these shared capabilities in order to accelerate the development of ledger-based solutions for all types of cross-industry supply chain scenarios.

Grid intends to:

  • Provide reference implementations of supply chain-centric data types, data models, and smart contract based business logic – all anchored on existing, open standards and industry best practices.
  • Showcase in authentic and practical ways how to combine components from the Hyperledger stack into a single, effective business solution.

What is Grid?

Hyperledger Grid is a framework.  It’s not a blockchain and it’s not an application.  Grid is an ecosystem of technologies, frameworks, and libraries that work together, letting application developers make the choice as to which components are most appropriate for their industry or market model.

Hyperledger platforms are flexible by design, but, as such, do not speak the language of any business or have opinions on how basic data types should be stored. In reality, enterprise business systems and market models are actually quite mature, as organizations have been transacting electronically based on common standards for decades.  Grid will provide a place for implementations of these standards and norms.

The initial linkage between Grid and other elements in the stack will be via Sabre, a WebAssembly (WASM) Smart Contract engine.  By adopting this approach, Grid asserts the strategic importance of WASM and provides a clear interface for integration with platforms inside and outside of Hyperledger. It is our hope and expectation that WASM and Sabre become a de facto Hyperledger standard.

What’s Next?

Initially, we plan to anchor much of the domain model work on GS1/GTIN standards, but many other implementations could be contributed and published, including models such as those being created by the Open Data Initiative, or more nuanced industry models like Identification of Medicinal Products (IDMP).

Examples of what Grid has on its roadmap:

  • Product
  • Identity
  • Location
  • Certification

Likewise, there are some common types of transactions that occur in supply chain scenarios.  Grid will also provide a reference implementation of scenarios, such as:

  • Asset transformation / refinement
  • Asset exchange
  • Asset tracking

There is also work planned around sample applications that demonstrate how to use these models.  And much, much more!

Who’s Involved?

Cargill, Intel and Bitwise IO have been the primary contributors to this initial initiative, but endorsements and/or contributions are in flight from several other organizations.  We are excited by the enthusiastic response from like-minded members of the community and look forward to collaborating further.

Want to Learn More?

If you’re interested in learning more about Grid, consider visiting https://grid.hyperledger.org/ or #grid on Hyperledger chat at https://chat.hyperledger.org/channel/grid

We welcome interest from all groups and organizations, including enterprises and standards organizations.  We are looking forward to hearing from you!